The problem is not a lack of desire to have children, critics of the campaign say, but rather the lack of meaningful support provided by the government and many employers in a country where the family remains the primary source of child care.
“I should be a model for their campaign, and I still feel very offended,” said Vittoria Iacovella, 37, a journalist and mother of two girls, ages 10 and 8. “The government encourages us to have babies, and then the main welfare system in Italy is still the grandparents.”
Many working women, without an extended family to care for a child, face a dilemma, as private child care is expensive. Some also worry that their job security may be undermined by missing workdays because of child care issues. Many companies do not offer flexible hours for working mothers.So, we get back to the heart of the matter: culture. The cultural bias against working mothers needs to shift and, when it does, the birth rate in Italy almost certainly will start increasing. Of course, along with a shift in cultural bias will have to come a shift in the willingness for people to pay taxes to support increased motherhood which will, eventually, help to support the increasing older population. This is generational bonding at its best.